GST BECOMES A REALITY TODAY
Table of Contents
President PRANAB MUKHERJEE launched single indirect tax for entire nation except Jammu and Kashmir .
What is the Goods and Services Tax?
As the name suggests, it is a tax levied when a consumer buys a good or service. It is meant to be a single, comprehensive tax that will subsume all the other smaller indirect taxes on consumption like service tax, etc.
It aims to stitch together nation as a single market by breaking fiscal barriers between states.
It is a destination based tax.
It is a value added tax.
The tax rates are 5, 12, 18 and 28%.
The states and the Centre will collect similar rates of taxes on goods and services.
If 18 percent is the GST rate on a good across the country, the states and the Centre will get 9 percent each called the CGST and SGST rates.
The list of items in the exemption list of GST include Salt, primary produce, flour, salt, milk, curd, buttermilk, eggs, tea, coffee, gur, fish chicken, natural honey, fresh fruits, lassi, unpacked paneer, natural honey, fresh vegetables, fruits, atta, besan, maida, vegetable oil, Sindoor, Prasad, common salt, contraceptive, bread, bindi, primary produce, vermillion, stamp, judicial documents, printed books, bangles, and handloom products have been spared from taxation in the finalized GST.
INDIA – CHINA
The Doklam Plateau, north of the tri-junction of Sikkim, Bhutan and Tibet, is a region of growing contention between India and China which also includes Bhutan.The Doklam Plateau, north of the tri-junction of Sikkim, Bhutan and Tibet, is a region of growing contention between India and China which also includes Bhutan.
The root of the clash is the construction of road by China in doklam plateau at west bhutan .
The disputed area provides a bigger buffer to India’s sensitive Chicken’s Neck, or the Siliguri Corridor, which is an extremely narrow stretch of land that connects the Northeast to the rest of the country.
China is connecting border region with its hinterland by roads which will help them to mobilise resouces but India lags far behind China in border connectivity .
CHEAPER, INDIGENOUS TB TEST ENTERS FINAL VALIDATION PHASE
TRUENAT MTB, which uses sputum samples for diagnosing TB is being tested, is indigenously developed molecular diagnostic test for drug-sensitive and rifampicin-resistant TB.TRUENAT MTB, which uses sputum samples for diagnosing TB is being tested, is indigenously developed molecular diagnostic test for drug-sensitive and rifampicin-resistant TB.
The battery-operated, hand-held machine takes about 25 minutes for DNA extraction and another 35 minutes for diagnosing TB. It takes an additional one hour for testing rifampicin resistance.
Genexpert Vs Truenat Mtb
GeneXpert is a diagnostic tool developed by US which is currently used by INDIA.
GeneXpert is a closed cartilage system ,while Truenat MTB is an open system; which makes genexpert dependent on sample for second time but to determine the results based on one test we can always retest the sample using the remaining DNA in truenat .
More environment-friendly as The technology is chip-based and not cartilage-based like genexpert. The main advantage of Truenat MTB over genexpert is that only when samples are tested positive for TB will tests for rifampicin resistance be carried out by this the use of reagents may be reduced and will help make the testing cheaper.
ABOUT TUBERCULOSIS (TB)
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). Tuberculosis generally affects the lungs, but can also affect other parts of the body.
Transmission When people with active pulmonary TB cough, sneeze, speak, sing, or spit, they expel infectious aerosol droplets 0.5 to 5.0 µm in diameter. These droplets may transmit the disease.
Multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a form of tuberculosis (TB) infection caused by bacteria that are resistant to treatment with at least two of the most powerful first-line anti-TB medications (drugs), isoniazid and rifampicin .Some forms of TB are also resistant to second-line medications, and are called extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB).
India bears a disproportionately large burden of the world’s tuberculosis rates, as it continues to be the biggest health problem in India. It remains one of the largest on India’s health and wellness scale. India is the highest TB burden country with World Health Organisation (WHO) statistics for 2011.
The Indian government’s Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP) started in India during 1997. The program uses the WHO recommended Directly Observed Treatment Short Course (DOTS) strategy to develop ideas and data on TB treatment. This group’s initial objective is to achieve and maintain a TB treatment success rate of at least 85% in India among new patients.
NEW CROSS-BRED PIG TO HIT MARKET TODAY
The All India Coordinated Research Project (AICRP) on Pigs, has successfully conducted the cross breeding of indigenous pigs and Large White Yorkshire (LWY) for efficiency of feed conversion, production and reproduction.
The breed is named Tirupati Varaha which is of 75% LWY and 25% indigenous inheritance.
Exotic breeds are susceptible to diseases in other animals, but in case of pigs, they are more disease resistant, which makes the 75:25 ratios successful.
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